D. Stumbrienė, R. Želvys, R. Dukynaitė, A. Jakaitienė
World Education Research Association Focal Meeting 2020 (WERA 2020), 2020 m. liepos 1-3 d., Santjago de Kompostela, Ispanija.
Abstract. This paper presents the efficiency and effectiveness analysis of performance with an overall view of European educational systems. The focus is on equity in education (ensuring that all students get necessary skills) and fairness (ensuring that all students, regardless of their background, with equal opportunities can achieve learning success). The frontier techniques are typically applied in efficiency researches, but there are only few studies where educational equity is analysed. We employed Data Envelopment Analysis to estimate the efficiency of education systems in Europe and Benefit-of-the-Doubt model to estimate the effectiveness. This study compares the relationship between efficiency and effectiveness of European countries’ educational systems. The comparison among educational systems based on key-stage of education: early childhood, primary, lower secondary, upper secondary and tertiary education. The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive evaluation of education systems considering key-stages of education and compare the performance of European countries in the context of educational equity and fairness. The results obtained can be used to identify best-practices and guide improvements of national educational systems.